State-Specific Middle School Social Studies
TCI’s online History Alive! programs transform middle school social studies class into a multi-faceted learning experience. TCI lessons start with a big idea — Essential Question — and incorporate graphic notetaking, groupwork, and step-by-step discovery. Students are the center of instruction that taps a variety of learning styles, allowing students of all abilities to learn and succeed.
In the History Alive! 6th Grade (Oregon Edition) program students are introduced to the geography of Mexico, Central America, and South America as an introduction to learning about the Maya, Aztec, and Inca empires in the Americas.
Introduction to Regions and People
1. The Tools of Geography
2. A Spatial Way of Thinking
Civilizations of the Americas
3. The Maya
4. The Aztecs
5. Daily Life in Tenochtitlán
6. The Incas
7. Achievements of the Maya, Aztecs, and Incas
Reading Further: Walking Across Space: Incan Rope Bridges
8. The Age of Exploration
Reading Further: Bartolomé de Las Casas: From Conquistador to Protector of the Indians
Mapping Lab: Latin America
9. Spatial Inequality in Mexico City: From Shacks to Skyscrapers
10. Indigenous Cultures: The Survival of the Maya of Mesoamerica
11. Dealing with Extreme Weather: Hurricanes in the Caribbean
12. Land Use Conflict in the Amazon Rainforest
13. Life in the Central Andes: Adapting to a Mountainous Region
Mapping Lab: Canada and the United States
14. Settlement Patterns and Ways of Life in Canada
15. The Great Lakes: The U.S. and Canada’s Freshwater Treasures
16. Urban Sprawl in North America: Where Will It End?
17. National Parks: Saving the Natural Heritage of the U.S. and Canada
18. Consumption Patterns in the United States: The Impact of Living Well
19. Migration to the United States: The Impact on People and Places
20. Comparing Forms of Government
21. Economic Systems
History Alive! 7th Grade (Oregon Edition) introduces students to the beginnings of the human story. As they explore the great early civilizations of Egypt and the Near East, India, China, Greece, and Rome, students discover the secrets of these ancient cultures that continue to influence the modern world.
Introduction: Themes of World History
Early Humans and the Rise of Civilization
1. Ancient Sumer
2. Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia
Ancient Egypt and the Middle East
3. Geography and the Early Settlement of Egypt, Kush, and Canaan
4. The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs
Reading Further: The Egyptian Mummy Project
5. Daily Life in Ancient Egypt
6. The Kingdom of Kush
7. The Origins of Judaism
8. Learning About World Religions: Judaism
9. Geography and the Early Settlement of India
Reading Further: Saving the Ganges
10. Unlocking the Secrets of Mohenjodaro
11. Learning About World Religions: Hinduism
12. Learning About World Religions: Buddhism
13. The Unification of India
14. The Achievements of the Gupta Empire
15. Geography and the Early Settlement of China
16. The Shang Dynasty
17. Three Chinese Philosophies
18. The First Emperor of China
19. The Han Dynasty
20. The Silk Road
Mapping Lab: Monsoon Asia
21. Geography and the Settlement of Greece
22. The Rise of Democracy
23. Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta
24. The Golden Age of Athens
25. The Legacy of Ancient Greece
Reading Further: Painting the Gods
26. Geography and the Early Development of Rome
27. The Rise of the Roman Republic
28. From Republic to Empire
29. Daily Life in the Roman Empire
30. The Origins and Spread of Christianity
31. Learning About World Religions: Christianity
32. The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World
Reading Further: Lessons from Pompeii
Islam in Medieval Times
33. The Origins and Spread of Islam
34. Muslim Innovations and Adaptations
Reading Further: History at the Dinner Table
Mapping Lab: Southwest and Central Asia
The Culture and Kingdoms of West Africa
35. Early Societies in West Africa
36. Ghana: A West African Trading Empire
37. The Influence of Islam on West Africa
38. The Cultural Legacy of West Africa
Mapping Lab: Africa
The Medieval World, 1200–1490
39. The Mongol Empire
40. Increasing Trade and Competition
Europe’s Renaissance and Reformation
41. The Renaissance Begins
42. Leading Figures of the Renaissance
Reading Further: From Gutenberg to the Internet
43. The Reformation Begins
44. The Spread and Impact of the Reformation
45. The Enlightenment
Mapping Lab: Europe and Russia
History Alive! The United States Through Industrialism immerses students in a powerful journey through the history of the United States from its earliest foundations to the age of industrialism.
Unit 1: Our Colonial Heritage
1. The First Americans
Essential Question: How did the first Americans adapt to their environments?
In a Social Studies Skill Builder, students hypothesize the geographic origins of American Indian artifacts to explore how the first Americans in eight cultural regions adapted to their environments.
2. European Exploration and Settlement
Essential Question: How did Europeans explore and establish settlements in the Americas?
In a Visual Discovery activity, students analyze and bring to life images depicting European exploration and settlement to discover how European nations explored and established settlements in the Americas.
3. The English Colonies in North America
Essential Question: What were the similarities and differences among the colonies in North America?
In a Problem Solving Groupwork activity, students analyze the similarities and differences among the English colonies in North America by creating and visiting sales booths in a “colonial fair.”
4. Life in the Colonies
Essential Question: What was life really like in the colonies?
Students work in pairs in a Social Studies Skill Builder to analyze primary and secondary source material to explore eight aspects of life in the American colonies, including rights of colonists, religion, education, and life for enslaved African Americans.
Unit 2: Revolution in the Colonies
5. Toward Independence
Essential Question: Why was there an American Revolution?
In a Response Group activity, students participate in a series of colonial town meetings to debate whether to rebel against British rule. In the process, they evaluate the events that deeply divided the American colonists and eventually caused them to rebel against the British government.
6. The Declaration of Independence
Essential Question: What principles of government are expressed in the Declaration of Independence?
Students learn about key events leading up to the writing of the Declaration of Independence and, in a Writing for Understanding activity, analyze key excerpts of the Declaration and the principles of government they express.
7. The American Revolution
Essential Question: How was the Continental army able to win the war for independence from Great Britain?
In an Experiential Exercise, students participate in a game of Capture the Flag. They compare their experience to the determining factors of the war for independence from Great Britain—examining the strengths and weaknesses of each side, important battles, and other key factors in the conflict—to determine how the British were defeated.
Unit 3: Forming a New Nation
8. Creating the Constitution
Essential Question: What compromises emerged from the Constitutional Convention?
In an Experiential Exercise, students examine the factors that led to the creation of a stronger central government under the U.S. Constitution by re-creating a key debate from the Constitutional Convention.
9. The Constitution: A More Perfect Union
Essential Question: How has the Constitution created “a more perfect Union”?
In a Social Studies Skill Builder, students work in pairs to explore the key features and guiding principles of the U.S. Constitution by assuming the role of law students taking a final exam on the Constitution.
10. The Bill of Rights
Essential Question: What freedoms does the Bill of Rights protect and why are they important?
In a Response Group activity, students learn about the important rights and freedoms protected by the Bill of Rights by analyzing a series of scenarios to determine whether the Bill of Rights protects certain actions taken by citizens.
Unit 4: Launching the New Republic
11. Political Developments in the Early Republic
Essential Question: How did the Federalist and Republican visions for the United States differ?
In an Experiential Exercise, students compare Federalist and Republican visions for the United States by taking on the roles of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson to debate the main issues that divided the two groups.
12. Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation
Essential Question: To what extent should the United States have become involved in world affairs in the early 1800s?
In a Response Group activity, students assume the roles of foreign policy advisers to early presidents to evaluate the extent to which the country should have become involved in world affairs.
13. A Growing Sense of Nationhood
Essential Question: What did it mean to be an American in the early 1800s?
In a Writing for Understanding activity, students visit an art exhibit, cotillion, and literary gathering to experience American culture in the early 1800s. They then create a chapter of a book describing what it meant to be an American in this period.
14. Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy
Essential Question: How well did President Andrew Jackson promote democracy?
In a Visual Discovery activity, students analyze and bring to life images of key events in the presidency of Andrew Jackson to evaluate how well he promoted democracy.
Unit 5: An Expanding Nation
15. Manifest Destiny and the Growing Nation
Essential Question: How justifiable was U.S. expansion in the 1800s?
In a Response Group activity, students re-create each territorial acquisition of the 1800s and then evaluate whether the nation’s actions were justifiable.
16. Life in the West
Essential Question: What were the motives, hardships, and legacies of the groups that moved west in the 1800s?
In a Problem Solving Groupwork activity, students create and perform minidramas about eight groups of people who moved to the West in the 1800s to explore these people’s motives for moving, the hardships they faced, and the legacies they left behind for future generations.
17. Mexicano Contributions to the Southwest
Essential Question: How have Mexicano contributions influenced life in the United States?
Students work in pairs in a Social Studies Skill Builder to examine important Mexicano contributions and determine how they have influenced life in the United States.
Unit 6: Americans in the Mid-1800s
18. An Era of Reform
Essential Question: To what extent did the reform movements of the mid-1800s improve life for Americans?
Students examine the reform movements of the mid-1800s to evaluate to what extent they improved life for Americans. In a Response Group activity, they debate the extent to which grievances from the Declaration of Sentiments have been redressed today.
19. The Worlds of North and South
Essential Question: How was life in the North different from life in the South?
In a Visual Discovery activity, students analyze and bring to life images from the mid-1800s to compare the different ways of life in the North and the South.
20. African Americans in the Mid-1800s
Essential Question: How did African Americans face slavery and discrimination in the mid-1800s?
In a Writing for Understanding activity, students analyze quotations and examine images to discover how African Americans faced slavery and discrimination in the mid-1800s. They then create a journal describing some of the experiences of a slave in the period.
Unit 7: The Union Challenged
21. A Dividing Nation
Essential Question: Which events of the mid-1800s kept the nation together and which events pulled it apart?
In a Visual Discovery activity, students analyze and bring to life images depicting the growing conflict between the North and the South to understand why the nation could not prevent civil war.
22. The Civil War
Essential Question: What factors and events influenced the outcome of the Civil War?
In an Experiential Exercise, students take on the role of soldiers at the Battle of Gettysburg and encounter key aspects of what it was like to be a soldier in the Civil War and then write about their experiences.
23. The Reconstruction Era
Essential Question: To what extent did Reconstruction bring African Americans closer to full citizenship?
In a Visual Discovery activity, students analyze primary source images to evaluate how close African Americans came to full citizenship during Reconstruction.
Unit 8: Migration and Industry
24. Tensions in the West
Essential Question: How did settlers change the West and affect American Indians?
Students work together in a Problem Solving Groupwork activity to create a music video to illustrate how western settlement impacted the Nez Percé. They then examine how settlers changed the West and impacted other American Indian groups.
25. The Rise of Industry
Essential Question: Did the benefits of industrialization outweigh the costs?
In an Experiential Exercise, students take on the role of workers on an assembly line to experience the costs and benefits of industrialization.
26. The Great Wave of Immigration
Essential Question: What was life like for immigrants in the early 1900s?
In a Writing for Understanding activity, students create scrapbooks illustrating what life was like for immigrants in the early 1900s.
Unit 9: A Modern Nation Emerges
27. The Progressive Era
Essential Question: Did the progressives improve life in the United States?
In a Response Group activity, students take on the roles of Progressive era leaders in a panel discussion to evaluate whether progressives improved life in the United States.
28. The United States Becomes a World Power
Essential Question: Should U.S. actions in world affairs around the turn of the 20th century be praised or condemned?
In a Social Studies Skill Builder, pairs of students analyze political cartoons about U.S. actions in world affairs around the turn of the 20th century and evaluate the differing viewpoints of those actions.
29. Linking Past to Present
Essential Question: What changes since 1914 have shaped how we live today?
In a Social Studies Skill Builder, students discover important events of the last century and learn how they have affected society in the United States.